Letter from King of Rome

The king  of  Rome  wrote  a  letter  to  the  caliph  of  the  time:  It is  mentioned  in  Injeel  that  one  who  recites  a  chapter without  the  following  letters:  TH-J-KH-Z-SH-Z’-F,  would become  eligible  for  Paradise.  Please  tell  us  which  Surah  is that?  The  Caliph  inquired  from  Muslim  scholars,  but  they were  helpless;  so  he  asked  the  Imam Ali al-Naqi(a.s)  and  he  said:  It  is  easy; it  is  Surah  Hamd,  which  does  not  have  these  letters;  it  is because  TH  stands  for  Thabur  (destruction);  J  is  for Jaheem  (Hell);  KH  is  for  Khaib  and  Khusran  (failure);  Z  is for  Zaqqum  (bitter  fruit);  SH  is  for  Shaqawat  (misfortune); Z’  is  for  Z’ulmat  (darkness);  F  is  for  Furqat  (separation). Therefore  Almighty  Allah  did  not  use  these  letters  in  this blessed Surah.

We  should  know  that  it  does  not  imply  that  any  Surah containing  these  letters  is  not  a  Surah  of  mercy  and  blessings, because  they  are  present  in  Surah  Rahman  and  Surah  Dahr, whose  main  subject  is  divine  blessings;  on  the  contrary  it  is  a special  secret  that  Imam  has  mentioned  and  it  was  known  only to  the  king  of  Rome  and  that  is  why  he  was  satisfied.  He accepted  Islam  and  remained a  Muslim  all  his  life.

Seeing  such  incidents,  scholars  have  pointed  to  that scientific  law  that  incidents  cannot  indicate  general  laws;  their specialties  are  related  to  them  and  in  presence  of  specialties, general  laws  cannot  be  derived.


Reference

Damatus  Sakiba,  Vol.  3, Pg, 123;  Sharh  Shafiya, Abu  Firass

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