There are five signs of perfection of faith of a believer: (1)To recite Bismillah aloud (2) To prostrate on dust (3) To wear a ring on finger of the right hand (4) To pray fifty-one rakat prayers in a day (5) To recite the Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) on day of Arbaeen.
Usul Kafi, Nuqush-e-Ismat pg.769
This tradition mentions points, which generally the Islamic Ummah has ignored and instead made some distortions; otherwise there are other signs of believers as well as Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) has mentioned another five points in other reports.
With regard to these signs, it is a brief request that Muslim world has created different contradictions about Bismillah.
According to one: whether Bismillah is a verse or not?
Another dispute is that if it is a verse; is it a part of Surah Hamd or it is a part of other Surahs as well.
Surah or softly in a special way.
According to school of Holy Imams (a.s.), Bismillah is a verse of Quran and it is a part of every Surah (except Surah Taubah) and to recite it aloud is also recommended, whether it is a prayer in which the Surah is not recited aloud. And this method was customary from the time of Prophet and that is the reason when Muawiyah did not recite Bismillah; there was a furor that he has committed theft of a verse and made it
Same is the matter of prostrating on dust; although Sajdah is possible on the earth and that which grows out of it, provided it is not used for eating and wearing; but the superiority of earth is confirmed and in this one cannot deny the superiority of dust of Kerbala. Prostrating on dust is a sign of humility and
to prostrate on dust of Kerbala is a means of stability of servitude as it is the greatest place of sacrifice and absorbed in this dust are all remembrances which are the best means of remembrance of God.
Although it is accepted by all Muslims that it is recommended to wear a ring, some Muslim scholars emphasize on wearing it in the left hand as Shia wear it on the right. Since it has become a distinct feature of Shia, it is necessary to oppose it; although this method is according to Sunnah of Prophet; but it is necessary to leave this Sunnah so that there should be no similarity with other sects and communities!
Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) called the attention of believers to this point as well that if people of other sects can abandon Sunnah of Prophet in your opposition, it is your duty also to continue following it to the letter and continue to make it as your distinctive quality, so difference becomes clear between those who act on practice of Prophet and those who abstain from it and that the true Islam is differentiated from mere claim of Islam.
With regard to ring also it is worth noting that the Holy Imams (a.s.) have also accorded importance to the inscription on the ring as well and traditional reports mention the inscription of every Imam’s ring, which shows that Imam had made it also as a means of propagation of faith and every Imam adopted that inscription, which was appropriate to his time and necessary for fulfilling his aim; which can be realized only if we study the inscription on the ring of each Imam.
Fifty-one rakats prayers comprise of seventeen rakats of obligatory prayer and thirty-four rakats of recommended prayer which is considered necessary for perfection of duties and ascension of servitude.
Reciting Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) on Arbaeen day is also an emulation of practice of Imam Sajjad (a.s.) and a protest against Bani Umayyah as their persecutions did not
allow survivors of Imam Husain (a.s.) to commemorate the fortieth day of Imam Husain (a.s.) and after a year when they were released from captivity in Syria they came to Kerbala and performed Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) and for the first time survivors saw the graves of their dead, when more than a year had passed since their martyrdom.
With the above points in view, it can be realized that Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) has not mentioned any obligatory acts in the signs of faith; on the contrary, he has only mentioned recommended acts, which is an open sign that obligatory acts are related to perfection of Islam and recommended acts are related to perfection of faith; a complete believer is not one who may become oblivious of obligatory duties; it is one who along with obligatory duties, takes care to perform recommended acts as well and includes those recommended acts in his daily program. He recites Bismillah aloud, prostrates on dust, wears a ring on his right hand, prays fifty-one rakat prayers daily and is regular in reciting Ziyarat Arbaeen annually